Renewable energy sources have significant potential for advancing human development.
It can provide an incentive for social and economic development, contributing to addressing the environmental challenges of society, and play a key role in successfully tackling climate change.
Without reliable access to energy, no country can expect to have lasting or sustainable economic development. Without it, the country cannot have sustainable agriculture, nor can it provide quality healthcare or decent education to its people. In short, if there is no energy, there is no development.
Why is renewable energy important?
Worldwide, 1.2 billion people are still living in energy poverty, with no access to modern energy services that can provide them with reliable lighting, fuel, and energy for development.
Women are forced to walk for miles to collect traditional fuels, such as wood and animal feces.
Children do not have lighting on nights that would allow them to read or study. Mobile phone batteries cannot be provided, entrepreneurs do not have electricity for their business, important medicines cannot be stored in the removable devices.
If we rely on coal and carbon-rich gas for electricity supply to the world’s poorest people, we run the risk of condemning current and future generations to living in a world vulnerable to droughts, waves high heat waves, mass famine and epidemics of contagious diseases caused by climate change.
The development of renewable energy sources brings a number of benefits:
– Economic development and employment – from the production of components and the extension of the grid to the installation and maintenance of renewable energy systems, the use of local renewables have an important economic effect.
This is especially important in places with limited or no access to energy and where unemployment is a significant problem;
– Limiting carbon emissions into the atmosphere – there is a consensus among scientists that carbon emissions into the atmosphere that result from human activity are already contributing to climate change on Earth in dangerous and unpredictable ways. The development of renewable energy production can significantly contribute to reducing carbon emissions without compromising access to energy;
– Access to the energy that is inexhaustible – as fossil fuel reserves are limited, their price will inevitably rise in the long run. By developing their country’s renewable energy sources, parliamentarians can create a long-term plan for access to inexhaustible energy, thereby making their country less reliant on foreign energy sources;
– Renewable energy sources have great health benefits, providing clean, safe energy, without the negative effects of fossil fuel use;
– Renewable energy is an important catalyst for rural electrification – many rural communities in developed countries have access to at least one renewable energy source, whether it is strong solar radiation, solar energy production, a river, a micro-hydropower plant, or a reliable wind generator.
These resources can be harnessed to produce clean electricity, even in communities located far from the national grid.
Propagation of renewable energy is of great importance.
The support of national parliaments is crucial to accelerate political reforms that will attract large-scale investment in the energy sector, which will benefit those who are energy poor.
Renewables can also provide heating, lighting, and electricity to millions of people without relying on expensive fossil fuels that pollute the environment.
Wind, water, solar and other sustainable energy are important and financially available means that will enable states to overcome the limitations of traditional energy systems and provide their nations with clean, reliable electricity and heat for generations to come.